The main cause of tennis elbow is therefore a permanent overloading of the musculature. Above all, the triggers can be observed in manual activities. Imagine, for example, hammering nails into the wall all day long. At some point, your arm will simply cramp up.
Often it is also office workers who suffer from tennis elbow. In this case it is also called “mouse elbow”. Other groups of people affected include street workers, waiters or musicians.
Especially with regard to tennis players, there are several causes for tennis elbow. For one thing, it can be the wrong equipment. Here you should pay particular attention to choosing the right tennis racket with the right stringing.
A racket that is too stiff or too heavy can cause your arm to cramp. Additional influencing factors are a very stiff tennis string or a high stringing hardness.
If you have arm problems, you should check whether it makes sense to switch to a racket with a flexible frame. Also take a look at natural gut or multifilament strings. They have the advantage that they are quite arm-friendly.
Furthermore, tennis elbow can also develop as a result of an incorrect hitting technique. As a consequence, the incorrect posture leads to a greater strain on the muscles. The one-handed backhand is by far the stroke with the greatest stress. It is noticeable that arm problems mainly occur with recreational players.
Apart from tennis, there are numerous other racket sports that have the same movement sequences. These include padel, squash or badminton. In golf this injury is called the “golfer’s elbow”.
In general, tennis elbow occurs more frequently in people between the ages of 35 and 50. The reason for this is that at this age the first signs of wear of the tendon become noticeable. More precisely, the tendon shortens and becomes less elastic.